Drone Detection Systems
Although the drones can be both small planes and small helicopters, the most common model is a multicopter with 4 rotor blades, electrically powered, with GPS navigation and equipped with a camera with direct connection to the person operating the drone. It’s average weight is 2.5 kg with autonomy of approximately 20 minutes. The effective maximum distance to the controller of an unmodified drone is approximately 1,000 metres. The speed can be up to 60 km/hour, while a payload of about 450 grams. For control, a broad spectrum radio connection is used on the so-called ISM bands 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz.
Drone Detection, why
Up until now, a good perimeter protection was sufficient to protect critical infrastructure. These days it is also necessary to place an entire dome over the infrastructure to counter threats from drones. This is as drones can pose a threat to privacy in the form of espionage or a cyber-attack. Drones can also become a crime threat, for instance in a terrorist attack. The ease with which a drone can get above critical infrastructure poses a serious threat. Common alarm detection systems such as intrusion alarm systems are not suitable for detecting drones.